Teenage pregnancy is a common problem all over the world; however, its rates in United States are the highest among developed countries. Numerous teenage girls are getting pregnant every day, which brings a huge crisis into their lives. This essay attempts to review some legal aspects of the teenage pregnancy using examples from two case studies.
Pregnant teenagers should not be excluded from educational establishment, including extracurricular or class activities, only because they are pregnant or have had an abortion. Thus, a private Catholic school attended by Jessica has no legal right to expel her. The school may only require her to obtain a healthcare professional`s note stating that she is able to take part in school activities, but only in case it is required from all students with medical conditions that need medical attention (Feierman, Lieberman, Schissel, Diller, Kim & Chu, 2002).
The answer to the question whether a pregnant teenager can consent to her own care without involving her parents varies from State to State. In New York State Amy should be able to give an informed concern to her own care in case she is capable of doing so. A teenager has the right to consent to all family planning services, such as testing, treatment for STI and abortion. A teenage parent can give consent to any medical care procedures related to the pregnancy or childbirth. In Amy`s case she is able to take the decision for both herself and her baby (Feierman, et al., 2002).
In U.S there exist several confidential services available to pregnant teenagers. Any pregnant girl can obtain confidential healthcare via the Medicaid and participate in the Child Health Plus or Prenatal Care Assistance Programs. Most teenage girls do not plan to get pregnant; yet United States high rates in teen pregnancy remain a serious problem. It is a significant challenge for any girl that is why it is necessary to be aware of all legal issues related to this delicate issue and know how to protect oneself.