Generating strategies, ideas, and data for a given writing job or assignment.
Prewriting takes place prior to starting the initial draft of a paper. This includes note taking, planning and discussion.
Thinking about the material and developing a plan to achieve the goal of the writing task.
Planning involves consideration of the aim of the text and its rhetorical position. The writer should consider how these factors are related and how they are joined to the information being generated during the prewriting phase. This stage also involves selection of support for the assertions contained therein and coming up with an organizational structure.
The first attempt to write a paper using the proposed structural elements.
A draft gives the writer a basis upon which to expound and develop the final paper.
Period of analysis and reflection that does not include the physical task of writing itself.
Writers need to stop writing and reflect on the direction in which their paper is going. They should think about the points they want to make and insure that they are effectively making those points.
Reading the work periodically helps the writer develop it further.
People who write well also read well. It is imperative for every writer to pause periodically to read over what he/she has written and make small adjustments and considerations along the way.
Making necessary major changes to paper's main points and structural elements to make the document more readable and communicative.
Revising takes place after each draft is written. The writer may have learned additional information during the course of writing a paper and wish to make changes that reflect those views.
Adjustments in terms of grammar and structural elements as well as language and facts.
Editing is done at the end of the writing period in order to give the document a flawless, professional appearance.
Presenting the finished writing to its intended audience.
Publishing includes turning a paper in to a teacher, a boss, or an agency or having it printed in a publication.
Writing an essay should include standard vocabulary usage that is relatively formal. In order for a writer to give a document a seamless, professional appearance, the following checklist of items should be carefully regarded:
The style of an essay is of utmost importance. Here are some good tips on stylistic considerations:
The manner in which one speaks is used in informal writing. However, when writing an academic paper, such as an essay, a more formal and correct language should be applied. This gives the essay an overall feeling of professionalism.
Use of elliptical sentences denotes colloquial speech that depends on non-verbal and contextual means of communication. These methods of communicating are fine for everyday communication. However, they are incorrect in writing and can make it difficult for the reader to understand the message that the writer is attempting to convey.
The formal writing style tends to have sentences that are longer than sentences in an informal style. However, caution should be exercised in using long sentences to avoid run-on sentences since they can obscure the idea being expressed and tire the reader. It is difficult to enjoy reading when the structure of a long, run-on sentence requires so much attention. Use brief, accurate, well written sentences instead.
The writer should be aware that using sentences that are too short can be an effective means of attracting the reader's attention. However, used in excess, they can make the essay look boring and appear simplistic.
Sometimes, students attempt to formalize their language and become far too extreme, using archaic words and sentence structure. These create an impression of artificial authority in writing and should be avoided.
The writer should use a real life context and a style that is appropriate to the occasion. Do not use childish or overly-formal language.
Synonyms should be used to describe the same thing repeatedly if it is necessary to repeat oneself at all in an essay.
To create a powerful and effective essay, use the following checklist for correct punctuation:
When writing an academic paper, one should only use sentence structures he or she is 100% certain about. When in doubt, use a reference guide to double check.
The following list can help writers focus on the key grammar areas when checking an essay:
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