Social reality is the perceptions that have come to be accepted by the society and that shape the interactions of people in any given society (Berger & Luckman, 2011). The reality is understood by the manner in which people approximate their lives, beliefs and behaviors in regard to the whole construct of the society. People who tend to disregard some things in the society are said to be going against the norms, and they are said to be socially disoriented; they risk being considered outcasts in terms of the manner in which they lead their lives. Apparently, almost all societies have concepts of things that are good and bad, according to that society (Koenig, 2004). Therefore, a person who does the ‘good’ is celebrated in that he leads a life that tends to translate the overall morality of that society, and a person who does the ‘bad’ is seen as a bad example whose values, beliefs and behavior should not be shown to other members of the society.

For instance, a person who sells drugs in any society is considered bad because of the consequences of drugs to the society. However, this person may defend himself by claiming that he is just earning a livelihood to himself and his family.

Shifts in Organizational Structures

In every era, people kept shifting from the manner in which people in the previous era did things. This is because the dynamism of the society took precedence, and people kept aligning to this trend. As such, even the organizational structures have continued changing (Elder-Vass, 2012). For instance, the religious leaders used to lead the whole society; this trend changed, and the society now has public administrators (Fairhurst and Sarr, 2010). The elders were also seen as the elite who were best placed to lead, but over time, this trend has changed and the educated took over from the old. Additionally, women have assumed many roles in the society, and they have occupied places that were the reserves of men.

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